Who are all the sacred ministers at the Pontifical Mass?
At a regular Solemn Mass, the celebrant is assisted by a deacon and a subdeacon. At the Pontifical Mass, the bishop is assisted by many more ministers. There is a subdeacon of the crosswhose sole duty is the carry the cross into and out of church. There are also two deacons of the throne, who assist the bishop as he vests and divests during Mass. There is an assistant priestwho aids the bishop in saying the prayers of the Mass, offer the sign of peace to clergy who are in choir and removes and replaces the bishop's ring during Mass. He wears a cope throughout the Mass. There are two masters of ceremoniesto make sure that everything goes according to plan. Lastly, there are at least fourteen altar serverswho will be doing all their normal functions at Mass. Most notable among these will be the ones who bear the book for the bishop, hold a candle so that he can read and who hold his mitre and crosier when he is not using them. They are behind the bishop when he processes into church and seated in front of him while he is at his throne. The other servers are the two acolytes and eight torch bearers.